Extinction Rebellion activists are continuing protests despite a London-wide ban by police.
The group says it has taken initial steps towards a judicial review of the ban. Lawyers and politicians have also criticised the move.
Meanwhile climate change protesters targeted the Department for Transport and MI5 on Tuesday morning.
A government spokeswoman said protests “should not disrupt people’s day-to-day lives”.
Extinction Rebellion’s co-founder, Gail Bradbrook, was arrested after climbing on to the entrance of the Department for Transport on Tuesday morning. Police also cleared further protesters from outside the building.
Activists have also been arrested on Millbank outside MI5’s headquarters, where a small group had gathered. Two men briefly sat in the middle of the road before being moved by officers.
On Monday evening, the Metropolitan Police began clearing protesters from Trafalgar Square following the announcement of a ban on the protests.
Under Section 14 of the Public Order Act, the force had imposed conditions requiring activists to stop their protests in central London by 21:00 BST on 14 October or risk arrest.
The Metropolitan Police said that the ban was imposed after “continued breaches” of a condition limiting the demonstration to Trafalgar Square.
Extinction Rebellion said it had taken the “first steps” towards a judicial review of the Met’s “disproportionate and unprecedented attempt to curtail peaceful protest”.
“Our lawyers have delivered a ‘Letter before Action’ to the Met and asked for an immediate response,” a statement read.
Tobias Garnett, a human rights lawyer working for the movement, said the letter warned police to withdraw the order.
He said the campaign group had given the police a deadline of 1430 BST to respond, or it would file a claim in the High Court.
“We will be looking for an expedited hearing either today or tomorrow morning,” he added.
Speaking to the Victoria Derbyshire programme, Extinction Rebellion campaigner and former Met Police officer Paul Stephens said: “Police are being really sloppy with the law, and it won’t stand up in court.”
Mayor of London Sadiq Khan has said he is “seeking further information” about the decision to impose the ban and why it was necessary.
“I believe the right to peaceful and lawful protest must always be upheld,” he said.
A spokeswoman for the government said the UK was “already taking world-leading action to combat climate change”.
The statement added: “While we share people’s concerns about global warming, and respect the right to peaceful protest, it should not disrupt people’s day-to-day lives.”
Home Secretary Priti Patel tweeted that “supporting our [police] is vital” and accused the Labour Party of supporting “law breakers”.
‘Overreach of powers’
Meanwhile, lawyers have also questioned whether the ban by police is legal.
Anti-Brexit barrister Jo Maugham QC said the move was “a huge overreach” of police powers, while human rights lawyer Adam Wagner described it as “draconian and extremely heavy-handed”.
Mr Wagner added in a tweet: “We have a right to free speech under article 10 and to free assembly under article 11 of the (annex to the) Human Rights Act. These can only be interfered with if the interference is lawful and proportionate. I think the police may have gone too far here.”
Shadow home secretary Diane Abbott tweeted: “This ban is completely contrary to Britain’s long-held traditions of policing by consent, freedom of speech, and the right to protest.”
Allan Hogarth, of Amnesty International, issued a statement saying the ban was “an unlawful restriction on the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly”.
A number of demonstrations have been staged across the capital by Extinction Rebellion, which is calling on the government to do more to tackle climate change.
The protests were due to last two weeks and have led to more than 1,400 arrests.
The Met said there had been 1,457 arrests by 08:45 BST on Tuesday, in connection with the nine days of Extinction Rebellion protests in London.
Last week, the Home Office confirmed to BBC News that it was reviewing police powers around protests in response to recent demonstrations.
What are the rules around protests?
Police have the powers to ban a protest under the Public Order Act 1986, if a senior officer has reasonable belief that it may cause “serious disruption to the life of the community”.
Police are also under a duty to balance the task of keeping the streets open with the right freedom of assembly under the Article 11 of the Human Rights Act 1998 and freedom of expression, under Article 10. These rights are not absolute – the state can curtail them.
However, the BBC’s home affairs correspondent Dominic Casciani said: “The test, if and when it gets to a court battle, is whether police action was proportionate to threat and only what was strictly necessary.”
By law, the organiser of a public march must tell the police certain information in writing six days in advance.
Police have the power to limit or change the route of the march or set other conditions.
A Section 14 notice issued under the Public Order Act allows police to impose conditions on a static protest and individuals who fail to comply with these can be arrested.
Extinction Rebellion activists have glued themselves to one government department and to the underside of a lorry outside another on a second day of protests in central London.
Police have made more than 400 arrests, and those camped out in Westminster have been ordered to move on.
The prime minister has described the activists as “unco-operative crusties”.
But campaigner and TV presenter Chris Packham said they are “the concerned people of the world.”
Extinction Rebellion activists are protesting in cities around the world, including Berlin, Amsterdam and Sydney, and are calling for urgent action on global climate and wildlife emergencies.
Protesters say they are occupying 11 sites in central London and people have travelled from across the UK to take part in the demonstrations.
The Metropolitan Police said at 13:00 BST on Tuesday there have been 404 arrests in relation to them.
Activists have attached themselves to the underside of a lorry, which is blocking the road outside the Home Office.
The vehicle is parked on Marsham Street, where hundreds of protesters set up camp overnight. One activist climbed on top of the lorry and set up a tent.
There was a large police presence in the area on Tuesday, with pictures showing officers removing activists from the lorry.
Protesters have also glued themselves to the Department for Transport building – a tactic used in similar protests in April.
Two activists have attached themselves to the doors of the building, while others demonstrate outside.
Meanwhile, a group have placed 800 potted trees outside Parliament, in Old Palace Yard, as they call on the government to plant billions of trees across the UK.
Trees have been dedicated to MPs, and protesters hope they will use them to reforest the country.
Sean Clay, 36, from Newcastle, told the BBC: “Planting trees would go a long way to restore the habitats we have lost as well as absorbing carbon emissions.”
Asked about Boris Johnson’s description of demonstrators, Packham told the BBC’s Victoria Derbyshire programme: “I was there yesterday. I met farmers, I met teachers, I met scientists, I met lawyers, I met grandparents, I met mothers and fathers, and I met children.
“These are the concerned people of the world.”
Mr Johnson had suggested while attending a book launch on Monday that the demonstrators should abandon their “hemp-smelling bivouacs” and stop blocking roads.
Protester Claudia Fisher, 57, from Brighton said campaigners would like to discuss their views with the prime minister.
Responding to his description of activists as “unco-operative crusties”, Ms Fisher said: “We are a little bit crusty, I’ll put my hands up to it, after a night sleeping out on the grounds of Whitehall, but we’re not uncooperative.
“We’re actually very cooperative. We… would really like to hear what he has to say, and we’d really like him to… hear what we have to say.”
John Curran, a 49-year-old former detective sergeant for the Metropolitan Police, was one of the protesters who camped overnight.
Mr Curran, who has a three-year-old daughter, says he was arrested while protesting with Extinction Rebellion in April, and is willing to be arrested again.
He said: “Clearly there is some frustration (for the police) that they probably have better things to be doing, and I agree, but the responsibility for that must lie with the government.
“Take action, and we won’t have to be here.”
Protesters who camped in Horseferry Road and Marsham Street, in Westminster, throughout the night were warned that they will be arrested unless they move to nearby Trafalgar Square. Police handed out section 14 notices to tents at around 07:30 BST.
Activists also camped at Smithfield Market overnight, but they say they allowed traders to operate.
‘A last resort’
By Becky Morton, BBC News
The only rush hour traffic around Parliament this morning came from cyclists, who were cheered as they passed encampments of protesters dotted around Westminster.
Roads have been blocked by tents and gazebos, with protesters from all over the country camping overnight.
Bowls of porridge were served from food trucks, while volunteers said some local businesses had donated pastries.
One of those who spent the night here is Mikaela Loach, 21, who travelled down by bus from Edinburgh with a friend.
She said taking part in this week’s action was a “last resort”.
“I’ve spoken to my local MP, I’ve taken part in protests, I just feel like I haven’t been listened to,” she said.
“I have been changing things in my lifestyle for a long time to try and be more eco-friendly, but I had a realisation a few months ago that it doesn’t matter if I go vegan or zero waste if the government doesn’t do anything.
“There need to be big structural changes.”
Further road closures are expected on Tuesday, with Parliament Street, Great Smith Street and Westminster and Lambeth bridges predicted to be heavily affected.
Extinction Rebellion claims protests in the capital will be five times bigger than similar events in April, which saw more than 1,100 people were arrested.
What is Extinction Rebellion?
2025year when the group aims for zero carbon emissions
298,000followers on Facebook
1,130people arrested over April’s London protests
2018year the group was founded
Source: BBC Research
Extinction Rebellion (XR for short) wants governments to declare a “climate and ecological emergency” and take immediate action to address climate change.
It describes itself as an international “non-violent civil disobedience activist movement”.
Extinction Rebellion was launched in 2018 and organisers say it now has groups willing to take action in dozens of countries.
In April, the group held a large demonstration in London that brought major routes in the city to a standstill.
One of Britain’s most wanted fugitives has been convicted of murder after a three-and-a-half-year international manhunt.
Shane O’Brien slashed 21-year-old Josh Hanson in the neck after a brief conversation in RE Bar in Hillingdon, west London, in October 2015.
The 31-year-old was on Interpol and Europol’s “most wanted” lists before he was extradited from Romania in April.
An Old Bailey jury deliberated for 55 minutes before finding him guilty.
Council worker Mr Hanson clutched his neck after O’Brien inflicted a 37cm (14.5ins) gaping wound from his left ear to right chest on 11 October 2015.
O’Brien then calmly walked out the bar before enlisting the help of a friend called “Vanessa” to secure a private four-seat plane to take him from Biggin Hill airport to the Netherlands, the Old Bailey heard.
He grew long hair and a beard and got the tattoo of his child’s name covered over as he used false identity documents to travel to countries including Germany, Belgium and the Czech Republic.
Heavy rain is causing travel problems and flash flooding across England.
Twelve flood warnings and 39 flood alerts have been put in place by the Environment Agency.
The Met Office has a yellow rain warning covering most of the country in force until 23:00 BST.
Floods have been reported on roads in Southampton, Birmingham and Liverpool, while Transport for London (TfL) said a number of roads across the capital were also affected by flooding.
A flood warning is in place in Crawley for the Ifield Brook and River Mole at Ifield and the River Mole at Lowfield Heath.
Flooding is also expected on the upper Frome, between Maiden Newton and Dorchester, in Dorset and on the Grace Dieu Brook, between Whitwick and Thringstone, in Leicestershire.
Edwinstone and Ollerton in Nottinghamshire are also at risk of flooding from the River Maun, as are areas around the Whinney Brook at Maghull in Sefton, Merseyside, and Wash Dike in Pontefract, West Yorkshire.
Warnings are also in place for the River Tame at Hams Hall, Water Orton, Whitacre and Nether Whitacre in Warwickshire, and the Blackburn and Charlton Brooks, between Chapeltown and North Ecclesfield, near Sheffield.
National Rail warned of major disruption between Birmingham Snow Hill and Stourbridge earlier due to a tree blocking the line.
Southampton City Centre has seen problems with several cars having broken down in water on Millbrook Road West.
Motorists have also been advised to avoid the road between Waterhouse Lane and Paynes Road.
Roads have flooded in the Longbridge area of Birmingham, while Mersey Fire and Rescue Service reported vehicles trapped in floodwater in the Queens Drive and West Derby areas of Liverpool.
A service spokesman urged drivers to “please take extra care”, adding: “Slow down, increase your distances, switch your lights on and please don’t drive into floodwater.”
About 2in (49.6mm) of rain fell in the six hours before 09:00 at Boscombe Down in Wiltshire, according to the Met Office.
Spokesman Grahame Madge said it was a “significant” amount of rain.
He said the band of rain was “transient” and, having started in the South West, has moved to the Midlands before hitting the North later in the day.
He said some other areas could expect to see the same amount of rain as Boscombe Down.
In Harrogate, the fan zone for the UCI Road World Championships has been closed due to the “heavy rain”.
The cycling action can still be seen on West Park and Parliament Street, organisers said.
Downward dogs and yoga mats have replaced cars and buses on London’s Tower Bridge as part of Car Free Day.
The mass yoga session was one of a number of activities taking place in the capital as more than 16 miles (27 km) of streets were shut.
Bank junction was turned into a festival space while children will race go-karts in the Square Mile.
The closures will be in place until 19:00 BST with roads elsewhere expected to be busy as a result.
Tower and London Bridge were shut at 07:00 BST along with streets in parts of the City, Southwark and Tower Hamlets.
Among the other activities taking place were a hedge maze in Cheapside and classic cycle rides on Tower Bridge.
Organisers hope more than 150,000 people will join the event, which has been named Reimagine.
Away from the centre, 15 boroughs will be running their own Car Free Day celebrations and more than 340 “play streets” – safe spaces for local people to socialise and play – have been approved by 24 boroughs.
London’s Mayor Sadiq Khan said the day was about “demonstrating our commitment to cleaning up our toxic air and experiencing a greener way of living”.
Transport for London has warned that those who do take to the roads should expect “significant delays”.
Wigan’s Josh Windass is struggling to shake off a calf problem, while fellow forward Anthony Pilkington is sidelined with a quad injury.
Neither Tom Pearce, who has a back injury, nor Gary Roberts is likely to be fit to push for recalls.
Charlton remain without top scorer Lyle Taylor, who picked up a knee injury on international duty with Montserrat.
Defender Jason Pearce is expected to be fit but Lewis Page (Achilles) and George Lapslie (hamstring) are out.
- Wigan and Charlton last met in League One in the 2017-18 season, with the Latics winning 3-0 away and drawing 0-0 at home on their way to promotion.
- Charlton have won one of their five away league matches against Wigan (W1 D1 L3) – a 3-0 win in the Championship in February 2015.
- Wigan Athletic have received more yellow cards than any other Championship side this season (20).
- Charlton have not lost consecutive league matches in 2019 so far, last doing so in their final two games of 2018 against Coventry and Barnsley.
- Wigan are winless in seven matches in all competitions (D2 L5) since winning their first league match of the season against Cardiff City.
- Since the start of last season, Charlton have won 61% (W31 D10 L10) of the games when Lyle Taylor has played, compared to just 23% without him (W3 D5 L5).
The prime minister was visiting the maternity ward at Whipps Cross Hospital when he was approached by a father.
The man told Boris Johnson the ward was understaffed and the NHS was being destroyed.
A spokesman for the prime minister later said Mr Johnson was visiting public services to see for himself the reality of the situation.
They added the prime minister was “not going to hide away from those circumstances when he goes on these visits, and so obviously is keen to talk to people and empathise and see what he can do to help.
“It’s also a reminder of why exactly he is so keen to make the NHS a priority.”
An Extinction Rebellion co-founder has appeared in court charged with attempting to cause disruption at Heathrow airport using a drone.
Roger Hallam, 53, who declared Heathrow expansion “a crime against humanity”, was arrested on Saturday.
He was applauded by a group of supporters as he entered the dock at Uxbridge Magistrates’ Court on Monday.
Mr Hallam faces one charge of conspiring to cause a public nuisance between 1 August and 14 September.
The charge relates to a plan to fly drones near Heathrow airport “in order to cause widespread disruption”.
The action was part of ongoing protest activity by environmental campaign group Extinction Rebellion (XR).
A splinter group of XR, called Heathrow Pause, had threatened to interrupt flights by flying drones within the 5km exclusion zone around the airport.
Asked if he would like to say anything, Mr Hallam, of Putney Bridge Road, Wandsworth, told the court: “Heathrow expansion constitutes a crime against humanity, against the next generation.”
He was remanded in custody to appear at Isleworth Crown Court on 14 October.
Fulham will be without midfielder Harry Arter after he was sent off in the draw at Cardiff, so Stefan Johansen could come into the starting XI.
Striker Aleksandar Mitrovic is looking to score for the eighth successive game for club and country.
Unbeaten West Bromwich Albion will make a decision on Kieran Gibbs (groin) following his return to training.
Boss Slaven Bilic may bring in Kenneth Zohore up front for Charlie Austin, who is yet to score in the league.
But Bilic says it is still too early for Egypt defender Ahmed Hegazi, who has not played since his ankle operation after the African Cup of Nations.
- Fulham are unbeaten in their last seven league games against West Bromwich Albiob, although this is their first Premier League meeting since February 2014.
- Albion are winless in each of their last 15 league trips to Fulham since a 2-1 victory in October 1967, when Jeff Astle and Tony ‘Bomber’ Brown scored the goals.
- Fulham have put together 126 sequences of 10 or more passes in open play this season – 47 more than any other Championship team.
- The Baggies have won the most points from losing positions in the Championship this season (11). The Baggies have gone behind in five of their six games and lost none.
- The two teams to complete the most successful passes in the opposition half this season are Fulham (1,347) and West Brom (1,308).
- Grady Diangana’s three Championship goals this season for Albion have been worth five points. No Championship player has won more points for their team this season.
A social media blackout, a “crazy amount of belief” and a “table that does not lie” – welcome to the closest Super League relegation fight ever.
Four clubs, equal on points with one game to go, are all at risk of the drop.
One coach has simply labelled “the ramifications” of the do-or-die night on Friday the 13th as “destructive”.
BBC Sport looks at how Wakefield and London, two sides that face each other in a relegation showdown, as well as Huddersfield and Hull KR are dealing with the biggest week of their season.
How they line up on ‘fright night’
‘No need to ram message down players’ throats’
A social media blackout has been imposed on Wakefield’s players as head coach Chris Chester tries to get them to focus on the game and not its consequences.
“The players know enormity of what is at stake on Friday night,” he told BBC Radio Leeds.
“The social media blackout is to take pressure away from them and have them solely focused on getting a result.
“It (relegation) has not been discussed. They don’t need me ramming it down their throats.
“The one thing the guys will be on Friday is ready.”
A boost for Wakefield, who have struggled for long periods with an injury-hit squad, is that 33-year-old England centre Ryan Atkins is due to make his long-awaited return.
Atkins, who started his career with Trinity in 2006 before going on to spent a decade at Warrington, was to complete his more next season but Trinity brought his switch forward.
“He’s been a real positive influence on the group for the last three or four weeks since he’s been here,” Chester said. “He’s played in all the big games and knows what to say.”
What it will take to stay up? Wakefield’s home game against London Broncos has been billed as a relegation showdown, and victory certainly means Wakefield stay in Super League. If London beat Wakefield for the third time this season, then Trinity would go down if both Huddersfield or Hull KR win.
So, how do Wakefield find themselves facing the drop?
BBC rugby league reporter Matt Newsum
“Injuries have been the crux of Wakefield’s struggles against the drop, robbing Chester’s side of several major performers like prolific winger Tom Johnstone for pretty much the whole season, prop David Fifita for large chunks and as well as influential back-rower Tinirau Arona at a key time.
“Injuries have not helped their loss of form, with an alarming late-season slump remaining a concern for Chester – who at least acquired smart loan signings such as Morgan Escare for the run-in.”
‘An absolute write-off of a season’
England winger Jermaine McGillvary said the players take responsibility for the relegation trouble Huddersfield Giants finds themselves in.
The winger said they “need to stand up and be counted” when they host Catalans Dragons, a side they have failed to beat in their last three meetings.
“The table doesn’t lie, we deserve to be where we are,” McGillvary said.
“I’m not sulking because I think we deserve to be higher, we have been shocking all year. The season has been an absolute write-off regardless of what happens.
“Everyone is hurting, not just the players but staff, fans and everyone involved. It’s all our, the playing staff’s, fault.”
The “positive”, the long-serving Giants winger added, is that they remain in control of their destiny.
“There are three other teams in the situation as well and it is still in our own hands,” he said.
“If we get a win against Catalans we stay up. It is all down to us.”
What it will take to stay up? A win at home against Catalans Dragons, a side who have nothing to play for, assures survival. Defeats for London or Hull KR will also mean they are safe – even if they fail to triumph themselves.
They cannot afford to lose by 13 or more points than Rovers, as that would swing their points difference.
What’s been behind Huddersfield’s woes, leaving them third from bottom and in real danger of relegation after 28 games?
BBC rugby league reporter Matt Newsum
“Huddersfield lost key playmaker Danny Brough last winter – coincidentally to Wakefield – and their chopping and changing in the halves since has not helped their attacking rhythm.
“They have one of the best wingers in the competition in McGillvary, who has again stood up with 16 tries, but it is defensively where Giants have struggled – conceding second most points in the league. Injuries have also hampered the Giants, limiting the outings for powerful forwards such as Joe Wardle and Seb Ikahihifo.”
‘Relegation causes destruction’
Hull KR boss Tony Smith has refused to let his players get paralysed by fear as they try secure the club’s Super League status with a trip to play-off-bound Salford Red Devils.
A late Jay Pitts try for London in their 20-16 win against Rovers a week earlier set up the final-night drama for the four clubs, when a Broncos defeat would have relegated them and spared Smith’s men as well as Huddersfield and Wakefield.
“We understand the ramifications of this week, as we understood the ramifications of last week,” he told BBC Radio Humberside.
“It is not being taken lightly but we are not going to sit around an worry about things when we have to take them into our own hands.
“The best way to do things is in a positive manner, with a smile on your face and looking forward to the challenge rather than feel like the pressure is getting to us.”
Smith, who suffered relegation in his first season as coach in Britain with Huddersfield in 2001, said the drop would “cause destruction”.
“It can hurt, and hurt clubs for many years,” he said.
“We are determined to get things great here over the next few years and we will regardless of which competition, but we certainly want to be in Super League and have that as our starting position.”
What it will take to stay up? Stopping Salford’s seven-game winning run is a good place to start. If they upset the form guide in Greater Manchester they survive. But they could still lose and stay up, even if bottom club London Broncos win. That would involve Huddersfield losing at home to Catalans by 13 points more.
But why, with one of Super League’s leading coaches, are Hull KR dicing with relegation?
BBC rugby league reporter Matt Newsum
“Hull Kingston Rovers gambled on sacking veteran super coach Tim Sheens and bringing in Tony Smith, who has eked out some impressive results since arriving. Inconsistency, however, has plagued them.
“A bit like their city neighbours, you never know what to expect. Danny McGuire’s brains and guile work when the pack is firing, and the Robins are certainly capable if scoring points but as recent defeats from winning positions by relegation rivals Huddersfield and London show, they can struggle to finish teams off – and that lack of ruthlessness has cost them.”
Broncos ‘know’ they can survive
Half-back Brock Lamb flew in to London to aide in their salvation – the former Newcastle Knights and Sydney Roosters play-maker just wishes he could have made it to the UK capital sooner.
The 22-year-old says the Broncos, the club with Super League’s smallest budget which has tried to stay in the top flight by keeping the promotion-winning side together, have quickly become “family”.
Resilience has been the hallmark of their campaign, and the 20-16 win over Hull KR to set up the desperate relegation situation on Friday night is the finest example of how they have defied the odds this season.
“The belief in the side at the moment is crazy,” Lamb told BBC Radio London. “It is a good squad and we just want to win.
“It is the last time this team will ever play together. We have people leaving and some staying. We want to send them out with a bang and hopefully stay up to do it for the club and the fans.
“I wish I had come here earlier so I could have experienced it from the start. It has been awesome in the last six weeks because everybody just believes. We have had a few poor games but the next training day everyone is ready to rip in again. Everyone knows we can do it.”
What it will take to stay up? Beating relegation rivals Wakefield in West Yorkshire is realistically the only thing that will keep London Broncos from making an immediate return to the Championship.
They were tipped to be easy pickings in Super League this season, but will London really escape relegation?
BBC rugby league reporter Matt Newsum
“London Broncos were barely expected to win a game this season let alone be in with a shout of survival. While they have shipped plenty of points, they have remained pretty competitive.
“They are not the biggest, or strongest, but they have won games and hurt teams by out-enthusing opponents, smothering them with aggressive line speed and then hitting them with quick breaks from a pacy back-line.
“Their fans have stuck with them, there is some pride in how their ‘behind-the-eight-ball’ side has got accustomed to Super League given their unexpected promotion.
“Unlike their fellow strugglers, they will not be dreading the end-of-season review, whatever happens. They have also recruited smartly for an end-of-season boost, as ex-Newcastle Knights and Sydney Roosters half-back Brock Lamb has already formed a smart understanding with lock Luke Yates – his former Knights team-mate.”